Periodontal diseases

Treatment is available

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PERIODONTAL DISEASES

Swollen and bleeding gums are early signs that an inflammation is present. If nothing is done, the infection can spread and destroy the structures that support your teeth in your jawbone. These bacteria are specific and in a way have a way to inhibit pain , making patients think that nothing is serious and not attending to the issue and allowing the infection to further develop and cause other issues and later on extraction of teeth.

In order to start treatment one of the most important starting points is understanding the cause and treating the cause and giving patients a full understanding of the current situation . Treatments differ, depending on different stages of the disease. In the beginning stages we are able to use Ozone treatment, laser treatment deep periodontal cleaning to severe cases when we need to do bone augmentation in combination with deep periodontal cleaning. In both cases Emdogain has been shown to be an amazing factor in treating periodontal disease in different stages along with using growth factors for optimal results.

Tooth notice

These diseases are treatable!

SO WHAT CAN BE DONE TO TREAT PERIODONTAL DIEASE?

There are various treatment options available that differ from patient to patient and depend on the stage and type of periodontal disease. A individual treatment plan is created to treat the specific needs of a patient, periodontal disease in its first stages can be treated with laser and ozone treatment along with deep cleaning of the pockets but the first step is to remove any factors that are causing changes in the mouth such as dental fillings that allow dental plaque to build up, dental crowns and bridges and other factors present.

WHY is surgery needed?

Periodontal disease develops slowly and as the bone under the gums is slowly lost , bacteria find perfects spots to hide from the saliva, mouthwash and all of the cleaning a patient might do and care taken. In these spots bacteria create a perfect environment where it is able to trick the body's immune response and can only be reached surgically, by allowing blood to the area and cleaning the areas affected we are able to treat periodontal disease and promote a natural immune response. In certain cases bone augmentation is done, Emdogain added and new bone allowed to form.

What Causes Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is caused by bacteria in dental plaque, the sticky substance that forms on your teeth a couple of hours after you have brushed. Interestingly, it is your body's response to the bacterial infection that causes most of the problems. In an effort to eliminate the bacteria, the cells of your immune system release substances that cause inflammation and destruction of the gums, periodontal ligament or alveolar bone. This leads to swollen, bleeding gums, signs of gingivitis (the earliest stage of periodontal disease), and loosening of the teeth, a sign of severe periodontitis (the advanced stage of disease).

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is gingivitis?

Gingivitis means 'inflammation of the gums'. This is when the gums around the teeth become very red and swollen. Often the swollen gums bleed when they are brushed during cleaning.

What is periodontal disease?

Long-standing gingivitis can turn into periodontal disease. There are a number of types of periodontal disease and they all affect the tissues supporting the teeth. As the disease gets worse the bone anchoring the teeth in the jaw is lost, making the teeth loose. If this is not treated, the teeth may eventually fall out.

What is the cause of gum disease?

All gum disease is caused by plaque. Plaque is a film of bacteria which forms on the surface of the teeth every day. Many of the bacteria in plaque are completely harmless, but there are some that have been shown to be the main cause of gum disease.

To prevent and treat gum disease, you need to make sure you remove all the plaque from your teeth every day. This is done by brushing and cleaning in between the teeth with 'interdental' brushes or floss.

How will smoking affect my gums and teeth?

Smoking can also make gum disease worse. People who smoke are more likely to produce bacterial plaque, which leads to gum disease. The gums are affected because smoking causes a lack of oxygen in the bloodstream, so the infected gums don't heal. Smoking causes people to have more plaque and the gum disease to get worse more quickly than in non-smokers. Gum disease is still a major cause of tooth loss in adults.

What happens if gum disease is not treated?

Unfortunately, gum disease does not usually cause pain as it gets worse so you do not notice the damage it is doing. However, the bacteria are sometimes more active and this makes your gums sore. This can lead to gum abscesses, and pus may ooze from around the teeth. Over a number of years, the bone supporting the teeth can be lost. If the disease is left untreated for a long time, treatment can be more difficult.

What do I do if I think I have gum disease?

The first thing to do is to have complete dental examination. we will measure the 'cuff' of gum around each tooth to see if there is any sign that periodontal disease has started. X-rays may also be needed to see the amount of bone that has been lost. This assessment is very important, so the correct treatment can be prescribed for you. A 3D dental xray may also be needed in order to plan regenerative periodontal therapy.

What treatments are needed?

Our dental team will remove all plaque and tartar from your teeth. You will also be shown how to remove plaque successfully yourself, cleaning all the surfaces of your teeth thoroughly and effectively. This may take a number of sessions with the dental team. A good oral care routine at home with brushing and interdental cleaning is the most important thing you can do to help prevent gum disease getting worse. If surgery is needed there are various options available.

What else may be needed?

Treatments options range from Ozone therapy, periodontal cleaning, Emdogain therapy, and periodontal surgery involving regenerative treatments that will reverse the damage caused by periodontal disease.

How do I know if I have gum disease?

The first sign is blood on your toothbrush or in the toothpaste you spit out after cleaning your teeth. Your gums may also bleed when you are eating, leaving a bad taste in your mouth. Your breath may also become unpleasant.

Once I have had periodontal disease, can I get it again?

There is no cure for periodontal disease, but it can be controlled as long as you keep up the home care you have been taught. Any further loss of bone will be very slow and it may stop altogether. However, you must make sure you remove plaque every day, and go for regular check-ups by the dental team.

I have heard gum disease is linked with other health conditions - is this true?

In recent years gum disease has been linked with general health conditions such as diabetes, strokes, cardiovascular disease, poor pregnancy outcomes and even dementia. More research is needed to understand how these links work but there is more and more evidence that having a healthy mouth and gums can help improve your general health and reduce the costs of medical treatment.